New publication including cover page: Smart Experiments
Lehre: Smarte Experimente - Physik Journal 11, 35 (2018) In den Vorlesungen zur Experimentalphysik lassen sich Smartphones sinnvoll einsetzen. In den meisten Physikstudiengängen bildet die Vorlesung zur Experimentalphysik die zentrale Einführung. Dabei stellen Studierende jedoch schnell fest, dass das „Experiment“ im Titel der Veranstaltung lediglich Demonstrationsversuchen geschuldet ist, sie aber nicht selbst experimentieren dürfen. Da es unmöglich ist, alle Studierenden mit Messgeräten auszustatten, schauen sie den Vorführungen passiv zu und bekommen erst in den physikalischen Praktika die Möglichkeit, selbst Versuche durchzuführen. Die eigenständige Experimentiererfahrung wird losgelöst vom Vorlesungsstoff gesammelt.
Race report Köln Marathon 2018
Our institute participated successfully at the "RheinEnergie Marathon" in Köln. Along with 27,000 other athletes, Markus (1:43:41), Alex (1:50:19) and Benedikt (1:51:40) completed the Half Marathon course while Michael ran the full Marathon in 3:04:34. Congratulations!
New publication: Ultra-long wavelength Dirac plasmons in graphene capacitors
J. Phys. Mater. 1, 01LT02 (2018) Graphene is a valuable 2D platform for plasmonics as illustrated in recent THz and mid-infrared optics experiments. These high-energy plasmons however, couple to the dielectric surface modes giving rise to hybrid plasmon-polariton excitations. Ultra-long wavelengths address the low energy end of the plasmon spectrum, in the GHz–THz electronic domain, where intrinsic graphene Dirac plasmons are essentially decoupled from their environment. However experiments are elusive due to the damping by ohmic losses at low frequencies. We demonstrate here a plasma resonance capacitor (PRC) using hexagonal boron-nitride (hBN) encapsulated graphene at cryogenic temperatures in the near-ballistic regime. We report on a 100 μm quarter-wave plasmon mode, at 40 GHz, with a quality factor Q≅2. The accuracy of the resonant technique yields a precise determination of the electronic compressibility and kinetic inductance, allowing to assess residual deviations from intrinsic Dirac plasmonics. Our GHz frequency capacitor experiment constitutes a first step towards the demonstration of plasma resonance transistors for microwave detection in the sub-THz domain for wireless communication and sensing. It also paves the way to the realization of doping-modulated superlattices where plasmon propagation is controlled by Klein tunneling.
New publication: Gate-Defined Electron–Hole Double Dots in Bilayer Graphene
Nano Lett. 18, 4785 (2018) We present gate-controlled single-, double-, and triple-dot operation in electrostatically gapped bilayer graphene. Thanks to the recent advancements in sample fabrication, which include the encapsulation of bilayer graphene in hexagonal boron nitride and the use of graphite gates, it has become possible to electrostatically confine carriers in bilayer graphene and to completely pinch-off current through quantum dot devices. Here, we discuss the operation and characterization of electron–hole double dots. We show a remarkable degree of control of our device, which allows the implementation of two different gate-defined electron–hole double-dot systems with very similar energy scales. In the single-dot regime, we extract excited state energies and investigate their evolution in a parallel magnetic field, which is in agreement with a Zeeman-spin-splitting expected for a g-factor of 2.
New publication: Detecting Ultrasound Vibrations with Graphene Resonators
Nano Lett. 18, 5132 (2018) Ultrasound detection is one of the most-important nondestructive subsurface characterization tools for materials, the goal of which is to laterally resolve the subsurface structure with nanometer or even atomic resolution. In recent years, graphene resonators have attracted attention for their use in loudspeakers and ultrasound radios, showing their potential for realizing communication systems with air-carried ultrasound. Here, we show a graphene resonator that detects ultrasound vibrations propagating through the substrate on which it was fabricated. We ultimately achieve a resolution of ∼7 pm/(Hz)1/2 in ultrasound amplitude at frequencies up to 100 MHz. Thanks to an extremely high nonlinearity in the mechanical restoring force, the resonance frequency itself can also be used for ultrasound detection. We observe a shift of 120 kHz at a resonance frequency of 65 MHz for an induced vibration amplitude of 100 pm with a resolution of 25 pm. Remarkably, the nonlinearity also explains the generally observed asymmetry in the resonance frequency tuning of the resonator when it is pulled upon with an electrostatic gate. This work puts forward a sensor design that fits onto an atomic force microscope cantilever and therefore promises direct ultrasound detection at the nanoscale for nondestructive subsurface characterization.
Gerard Verbiest started as Assistant Professor
Gerard Verbiest left our group and started on 1 August 2018 as Assistant Professor at the Department of Precision and Microsystems Engineering (PME) at TU Delft (Netherlands). We wish him every success!
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