New publication: Fractional quantum Hall effect in CVD-grown graphene
2D Materials 7, 041007 (2020) We show the emergence of fractional quantum Hall states in graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for magnetic fields from below 3 T to 35 T where the CVD-graphene was dry-transferred. Effective composite-fermion filling factors up to ν∗=4 are visible and higher order composite-fermion states (with four flux quanta attached) start to emerge at the highest fields. Our results show that the quantum mobility of CVD-grown graphene is comparable to that of exfoliated graphene and, more specifically, that the p/3 fractional quantum Hall states have energy gaps of up to 30 K, well comparable to those observed in other silicon-gated devices based on exfoliated graphene.
New publication: How Photoinduced Gate Screening and Leakage Currents Dynamically Change the Fermi Level in 2D Materials
Phys. Status Solidi RRL , 2000298 (2020) An in‐depth analysis of physics in 2D materials like transition metal dichalcogenides requires the measurement of many material properties as a function of Fermi level position within the electronic band structure. This is normally done by changing the charge carrier density of the 2D material via the gate electric field effect. Herein, a comparison of gate‐dependent measurements, which are acquired under different measurement conditions, is shown to encounter significant problems due to the temporal evolution of the charging of trap states inside the dielectric layer or at its interfaces. The impact of, e.g., the gate sweep direction and the sweep rate on the overall gate dependence gets especially prominent in optical measurements due to photoexcitation of donor and acceptor states. Under such conditions, the same nominal gate voltage may lead to different gate‐induced charge carrier densities and, hence, Fermi level positions. It is demonstrated that a current flow from or even through the dielectric layer via leakage currents can significantly diminish the gate tunability in optical measurements of 2D materials.
Radio contribution to LIEVITI - Episodio 4 - CORPO (in Italian)
The scientific voice comes from our institute: https://www.radiopapesse.org/it/archivio/sonora/lieviti-episodio-4-corpo.
RWTH Start-Up Grant for Christian Volk
Christian Volk receives a RWTH Start-Up Grant for his proposal with the title: "Towards thermal conductance measurements as a probe for topological states in two-dimensional quantum systems". Congratulation!
Smartphone Physics on the Rise
The free, online magazine “Physics” from the American Physical Society has published an article on “Smartphone Physics on the Rise” in their Arts & Culture section. It covers the possibilities and people involved in this field and includes a quote by Sebastian on the effects of the lock down on app downloads and feedback.
Here the link to the article: Smartphone Physics on the Rise.
New publication: Unveiling Valley Lifetimes of Free Charge Carriers in Monolayer WSe2
Nano Letters ASAP (2020) We report on nanosecond-long, gate-dependent valley lifetimes of free charge carriers in monolayer WSe2, unambiguously identified by the combination of time-resolved Kerr rotation and electrical transport measurements. While the valley polarization increases when tuning the Fermi level into the conduction or valence band, there is a strong decrease of the respective valley lifetime consistent with both electron-phonon and spin-orbit scattering. The longest lifetimes are seen for spin-polarized bound excitons in the band gap region. We explain our findings via two distinct, Fermi-level-dependent scattering channels of optically excited, valley-polarized bright trions either via dark or bound states. By electrostatic gating we demonstrate that the transition-metal dichalcogenide WSe2 can be tuned to be either an ideal host for long-lived localized spin states or allow for nanosecond valley lifetimes of free charge carriers (>10 ns).
New publication: Reducing the Impact of Bulk Doping on Transport Properties of Bi‐Based 3D Topological Insulators
Phys. Status Solidi B 2000021 (2020) The observation of helical surface states in Bi‐based 3D topological insulators (TIs) has been a challenge since their theoretical prediction. The main issue arises when the Fermi level shifts deep into the bulk conduction band due to unintentional doping. This results in the metallic conduction of the bulk which dominates the transport measurements and hinders the probing of the surface states in these experiments. Here, various strategies are investigated to reduce the residual doping in Bi‐based TIs. Flakes of Bi2Se3 and Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3 are grown by physical vapor deposition and their structural and electronic properties are compared with mechanically exfoliated flakes. Using Raman spectroscopy, the role of the substrate in this process is explored, and the optimal conditions for the fabrication of high‐quality crystals are presented. Despite this improvement, it is shown that the vapor phase‐deposited flakes still suffer from structural disorder which leads to the residual n‐type doping of the bulk. Using magneto‐transport measurements, we find that exfoliated flakes show better electrical properties and are thus more promising for the probing of surface states.